Aroma-active compounds of Pinus densiflora (red pine) needles

Eun Jeong Yu, Tae Hwan Kim, Kyoung Heon Kim, Hyong Joo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Volatile components in the needles of Pinus densiflora (red pine), a conifer native to Korea, were extracted by simultaneous distillation-extraction. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed that α-pinene is the most abundant compound, followed by β -phellandrene, germacrene D, β-caryophyllene, and myrcene. In aroma extract dilution analysis, α-pinene (pine/fresh) was determined to be the most intense aroma-active compound, with a high flavour dilution factor. (Z)-3-Hexenal (green/apple) and bornyl acetate (pine/herbaceous) were also identified as important aroma-active compounds. These aroma-active compounds were also detected through headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-olfactometry, using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and Carboxen-PDMS fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-537
Number of pages6
JournalFlavour and Fragrance Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov


  • Aroma extract dilution analysis
  • Conifer
  • Gas chromatography-olfactometry
  • Headspace solid-phase microextraction
  • Pinus densiflora
  • Red pine
  • α-pinene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • General Chemistry


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