Asian dust storm as conveyance media of anthropogenic pollutants

Wonnyon Kim, Seong Jae Doh, Yongjae Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As conveyance media of natural minerals as well as anthropogenic pollutants, the Asian dust storm (ADS) marks a potential impact on human health in the world's most populated region and on the atmospheric energy budget by absorbing/reflecting the solar radiation in a hemispheric-scale. However, the physicochemical state of individual anthropogenic particulates in ADS including the average grain-size and volume concentrations, grain morphology, and the mixing states with natural minerals is not fully understood. Here we trace pollution features of ADS including the temporal atmospheric loadings of particulates carried by ADS using rock magnetic methods and intensive microscopic analyses. Magnetic concentration has coupled with the total suspended particulates in ADS and has increased ~9% for the past four years (2004-2007), resulting mainly from the increasing fossil-fuel combustion in East Asia. Notably, most of the observed particles in ADS contain carbon as a major element and some also contain sulfur. In addition, other anthropogenic elemental signatures encompass iron-oxides of combustion origin and heavy metals (Cr, Pb and Zn). Based on the predominance of carbon contents, increasing the atmospheric temperature in East Asia by ADS loadings can be expected by absorbing solar radiation effectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The first draft of this paper was revised by Prof. B. A. Maher. This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and in part by the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute ( PM55681 ). Authors are grateful to Dr. H. B. Singh and two anonymous reviewers whose comments improved the paper.

Copyright:
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic particulates
  • Asian dust
  • Heavy metals
  • Iron-oxides
  • Sulfates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Atmospheric Science

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