Assessing determinants of industrial waste reuse: The case of coal ash in the United States

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Devising effective strategies to facilitate waste reuse depends on the solid understanding of reuse behaviors. However, previous studies of reuse behavior have been limited in scope, focusing mostly on household recycling behaviors or very limited types of industrial wastes. To gain a better understanding of the business reuse behaviors, this study examined the impact of various factors in technical, economic, regulatory, and behavioral categories in the case of coal ash generated in the United States. The results of fixed effect models for fly ash and bottom ash particularly showed the significance role of the behavioral factor. In both models, a proxy variable, which represents knowledge sharing among the power plants or the utility's decision-making, turned out to be statistically significant and had the largest coefficient estimates among a group of variables. This finding may imply that the characteristics of waste reuse behavior are determined more by business decision-making behaviors than by market or institutional factors. However, the role of the behavioral variable was stronger in the bottom ash models than in the fly ash models. While the reuse of bottom ash was determined primarily by the behavioral variable, fly ash reuse was determined by more diverse factors including economic and regulatory variables. This could be explained by material characteristics in relation to competing resources and the nature of reuse applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Coal ash
  • Econometric analysis
  • Industrial waste
  • Reuse behaviors
  • Waste reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


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