Assessment of concrete macrocrack depth using infrared thermography

Jaehoon Bae, Arum Jang, Min Jae Park, Jonghoon Lee, Young K. Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cracks are common defects in concrete structures. Thus far, crack inspection has been manually performed using the contact inspection method. This manpower-dependent method inevitably increases the cost and work hours. Various non-contact studies have been conducted to overcome such difficulties. However, previous studies have focused on developing a methodology for non-contact inspection or local quantitative detection of crack width or length on concrete surfaces. However, crack depth can affect the safety of concrete structures. In particular, although macrocrack depth is structurally fatal, it is difficult to find it with the existing method. Therefore, an experimental investigation based on non-contact infrared thermography and multivariate machine learning was performed in this study to estimate the hidden macrocrack depth. To consider practical applications for inspection, an experiment was conducted that considered the simulated piloting of an unmanned aerial vehicle equipped with infrared thermography equipment. The crack depths (10–60 mm) were comparatively evaluated using linear regression, gradient boosting, and random forest (AI regression methods).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-509
Number of pages9
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 25

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  • AI
  • Concrete macrocrack
  • UAV
  • infrared thermography
  • machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys


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