Assessment of geotechnical variability of Songdo silty clay

Donghee Kim, Kyu Sun Kim, Seongkwon Ko, Youngmin Choi, Woojin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The reliable estimation of the coefficient of variation (COV) and probability density function (PDF) is required to characterize the uncertainty and variability of soil properties. An outlier test, a randomness test (runs test), and a Goodness-of-Fit test are performed in sequence to determine the reliable COVs and PDFs of soil properties for Songdo silty clay. Soil properties such as C c, e 0, C c/(1+e 0), C α/C c, γ t, and γ b are found to fit to both normal and lognormal distributions, whereas c v, k v, and s u/p o' appear to fit to a lognormal distribution at the 5% significant level. It is observed that the COVs of C c, C c/(1+e 0), c v, k v, C α/C c, and s u/p o' are larger than those of e 0, γ t, and γ b. The COVs of c v and k v, which are associated with the time rate of consolidation, are found to be the largest among those of soil properties considered. It is also found that the N σ rule provides similar COVs to those of a statistical method when using N σ=6 for soil properties with small COVs and N σ=4.2-5.3 for soil properties with large COVs. The empirical method appears to provide conservative characteristic values for soil properties that have relatively large COVs. Finally, this study presented the lower and upper bound characteristic values for properties of Songdo silty clay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalEngineering Geology
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 26


  • Characteristic value
  • Coefficient of variation
  • Inherent soil variability
  • Probability density function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology


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