Atrial Cardiomyopathy with Impaired Functional Reserve in Patients with Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

Dong Hyuk Cho, Yun Gi Kim, Jimi Choi, Hee Dong Kim, Mi Na Kim, Jaemin Shim, Jong Il Choi, Young Hoon Kim, Wan Joo Shim, Seong Mi Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Impaired atrial functional reserve during exercise may represent an early stage of atrial cardiomyopathy. To test this hypothesis, the authors evaluated left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) function reserve during exercise in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Methods: Sixty-one patients with PAF undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation and 38 healthy control subjects were prospectively enrolled. LV global longitudinal strain and LA reservoir strain (RS) were measured at rest and during supine bicycle exercise. To identify the early stage of atrial cardiomyopathy without LA structural remodeling, patients with PAF were divided into two groups according to LA volume index (LAVI): atrial fibrillation (AF) group 1 (LAVI ≥ 34 mL/m2) and AF group 2 (LAVI < 34 mL/m2). Results: LV ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain did not differ between patients with AF and control subjects. LAVI and LA RS did not differ between AF group 2 and control subjects. During exercise, LV global longitudinal strain improved in all groups. Increases in LA RS were attenuated in both AF groups, which also exhibited lower LA functional reserve index than the control subjects. Although resting LA RS was similar between AF group 2 and control subjects, LA functional reserve index was significantly lower in AF group 2. LA functional reserve index was associated with risk for AF recurrence (hazard ratio, 0.852; 95% CI, 0.736-0.988). Conclusions: Atrial cardiomyopathy can be anticipated by impaired LA functional reserve during exercise in patients with AF, even in those with normal-sized left atria. Atrial cardiomyopathy occurs independently of changes in LV function and is associated with the recurrence of AF in patients with PAF after radiofrequency catheter ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Society of Echocardiography


  • Arrhythmia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial remodeling
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Reserve
  • Strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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