B-GPS: Blockchain-Based Global Positioning System for Improved Data Integrity and Reliability

Seunghyeon Lee, Hong Woo Seok, Ki Rim Lee, Hoh Peter In

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


When surveying national reference points using a global positioning system (GPS), appro-priate work regulations pertaining to the surveying time must be observed. However, such data can be modified easily, so identifying non-compliance with work regulations and forgeries is challenging. If such incidents occur in cadastral surveys, it may result in financial damages to stakeholders, such as citizens and the state. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the reliability by ensuring the integrity of the GPS positioning data and allowing anyone to track them. In this study, a prototype system was developed to record GPS data and the corrections generated during survey processes using the Ethereum blockchain network. Blockchain is a distributed ledger system that prevents the manipulation of uploaded data without the need for a centralized institution by allowing anyone to check the data. Unlike in the past, the proposed system improves the data integrity and reliability for the entire survey process through blockchain, thereby ensuring transparency of the checks using smart contract addresses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number186
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT), no. NRF-2021R1A2C2012476.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Blockchain
  • Data integrity
  • Data reliability
  • GPS positioning
  • Smart contract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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