Ball-milled magnetite for efficient arsenic decontamination: Insights into oxidation–adsorption mechanism

Xiao Yang, Siyan Liu, Tao Liang, Xiulan Yan, Yunhui Zhang, Yaoyu Zhou, Binoy Sarkar, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Conventional adsorbents for decontaminating arsenic exhibit low efficacy for the removal of arsenite (As(III)). This study aims to develop a robust As adsorbent from natural magnetite (M0) via a facile ball milling process, and evaluate their performance for decontaminating As(III) and As(V) in water and soil systems. The ball milling process decreased the particle size and crystallinity of M0, resulting in pronounced As removal by the ball-milled magnetite (Mm). Ball milling under air facilitated the formation of Fe-OH and Fe-COOH functional groups on Mm interface, contributing to effective elimination of As(III) and As(V) via hydrogen bonding and complexation mechanisms. Synergistic oxidation effects of hydroxyl and carboxyl groups, and reactive oxygen species (O2·-, and ·OH) on the transformation of As(III) to As(V) during the adsorption were proposed to explain the enhanced As(III) removal by Mm. A short-term soil incubation experiment indicated that the addition of Mm (10 wt%) induced a decrease in the concentration of exchangeable As by 30.25%, and facilitated the transformation of water-soluble As into residual fraction. Ball milling thus is considered as an eco-friendly (chemical-free) and inexpensive (scalable, one-stage process) method for upgrading the performance of natural magnetite towards remediating As, particularly for tackling the highly mobile As(III).

Original languageEnglish
Article number128117
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Y.L. was supported through the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U21A2023 and 41571309 ) ; Y.S.O. was supported through a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (No. 2021R1A2C2011734 ), and was partly supported by the OJEong Resilience Institute (OJERI) Research Grant from the OJERI, Korea University , Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Arsenic
  • Ball milling
  • Magnetite
  • Sustainable environmental engineering
  • Synergistic oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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