Baseline study on essential and trace elements in polished rice from South Korea

Myung Chae Jung, Seong Taek Yun, Jin Soo Lee, Jong Un Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


In 2000, 63 (polished) white rice samples were collected in eight administrative areas all over South Korea and analyzed for 16 elements by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Potassium had the highest content, next to Mg, Ca, Si, Zn, Na, Al and Fe. Most of the samples contained worldwide average concentrations of essential and trace elements in rice grains reported by various researches. For inter-area differences in those elements in the rice, the statistical analysis showed no significant differences (p > 0.05) among the eight administrative areas, suggesting that inter-area differences were not substantial in most cases. Thus, the present data can be used as national background levels of elements in rice produced in South Korea. Using the published data on daily consumption of rice in South Korea, it was possible to estimate the daily intake of As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn via rice. The results showed that a regular consumption of rice produced in Korea plays an important role in accumulation of essential and trace elements in Korean, especially for farm-households consuming relatively large amounts of rice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-464
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental geochemistry and health
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was fully supported by research grant from the KIEST (Grant No. 20050000000000-50-0-004-0-0-2005).


  • Background level
  • Daily intake
  • South Korea
  • Trace elements
  • White rice (Oryza sativa L.)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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