This study presents the effect of bioaugmentation of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of food waste with Methanosarcina thermophila grown on a wood-derived biochar. Two different supplementation regimes were tested, namely a single bioaugmentation (SBABC) in which 10% v/v of the microbes grown on biochar (1 g/L) is added at setup of the reactors, versus a routine bioaugmentation (RBABC) wherein the same amount of supplements were added over 10 feeding cycles. The optimally performing ‘R’ and ‘S’ reactors had increased methane yields by 37% and 32% over their respective controls while reactors SBABC 2 and 3 produced 21.89% and 56.09% higher average methane yield than RBABC 2 and 3, respectively. It appears that a single dose bioaugmentation is advantageous for improving AD as analysed in terms of average methane yield and VFA production. This study provides the basis for understanding how biochar and bioaugmentation can be used for engineering sustainable pilot-scale AD processes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) programme.
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
- Food waste
- Growth support particles
- Thermophilic anaerobic digestion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal