This study developed biocatalytic membranes that can effectively control the surface biofouling based on the enzymatic quenching of bacterial quorum sensing. Acylase (AC) was immobilized and stabilized on intact carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via enzyme adsorption, precipitation, and crosslinking (EAPC) method, maintaining 66% of its initial enzyme activity for 200 days under rigorous shaking (200 rpm). This highly stable EAPC was anchored on the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) microfilter using polydopamine coatings (EAPC membrane). The antifouling performance and mechanism of EAPC membrane was intensively evaluated under static incubation with a model bacterium of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. When compared with the PVDF membranes with and without free AC, the EAPC membrane enhanced the water permeability by 5-folds at an optimum loading of 0.40 g-CNTs/m2 by effectively inhibiting the biofilm formation. The EAPC membrane with this optimal CNT loading did not increase the hydraulic resistance of membrane itself. In the lab-scale continuous filtrations, the EAPC membrane with its loading of 0.40 g-CNTs/m2 demonstrated 1.6-fold delay of trans-membrane pressure increase compared to the PVDF membrane. It is anticipated that biocatalytic membrane based on quorum quenching nanobiocatalysis has a great potential in antifouling applications without changing the process configuration or additional treatments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Global Research Laboratory Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( 2014K1A1A2043032 ).
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
- Biocatalytic membrane
- Polydopamine coatings
- Quorum quenching
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation