A novel transient electronics technology that is capable of completely dissolving or decomposing in certain conditions after a period of operation offers unprecedented opportunities for medical implants, environmental sensors, and other applications. Here, we describe a biodegradable, flexible silicon-based electronic system that detects NO species with a record-breaking sensitivity of 136 Rs (5 ppm, NO2) and 100-fold selectivity for NO species over other substances with a fast response (~30 s) and recovery (~60 s). The exceptional features primarily depend on not only materials, dimensions, and design layouts but also temperatures and electrical operations. Large-scale sensor arrays in a mechanically pliable configuration exhibit negligible deterioration in performance under various modes of applied loads, consistent with mechanics modeling. In vitro evaluations demonstrate the capability and stability of integrated NOx devices in severe wet environments for biomedical applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Korea University grant; KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology Program, the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) (grant NRF-2017R1E1A1A01075027); and the Technology Innovation Program (20002974, Development of biosensing function antibiosis wound dressing and instrument for the treatment) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea). Computations for this research were performed on the Pennsylvania State University’s Institute for Computational and Data Sciences’ Roar supercomputer. J.Z. and H.C. also acknowledge support from the Doctoral New Investigator grant from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (59021-DNI7) and National Science Foundation (ECCS-1933072). J.Z. also acknowledge the Leighton Riess Graduate Fellowship and the Diefenderfer Graduate Fellowship from the College of Engineering at Penn State university.
© 2020, The Author(s).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics