Biological Effect of Gamma Rays According to Exposure Time on Germination and Plant Growth in Wheat

Min Jeong Hong, Dae Yeon Kim, Yeong Deuk Jo, Hong Il Choi, Joon Woo Ahn, Soon Jae Kwon, Sang Hoon Kim, Yong Weon Seo, Jin Baek Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Gamma rays as a type of ionizing radiation constitute a physical mutagen that induces mutations and could be effectively used in plant breeding. To compare the effects of gamma and ionizing irradiation according to exposure time in common wheat (Keumgang, IT 213100), seeds were exposed to60 Co gamma rays at different dose rates. To evaluate the amount of free radical content, we used electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Significantly more free radicals were generated in the case of long-term compared with short-term gamma-ray exposure at the same dose of radiation. Under short-term exposure, shoot and root lengths were slightly reduced compared with those of the controls, whereas long-term exposure caused severe growth inhibition. The expression of antioxidant-related and DNA-repair-related genes was significantly decreased under long-term gamma-ray exposure. Long-term exposure caused higher radiosensitivity than short-term exposure. The results of this study could help plant breeders select an effective mutagenic induction dose rate in wheat.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3208
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by grants from the Nuclear R&D Program of the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) and the research program of KAERI, Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • exposure time
  • free radicals
  • gamma rays
  • growth inhibition
  • mutation breeding
  • wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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