Biomass and Carbon Storage in an Age-Sequence of Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) Plantation Forests in Central Korea

Xiaodong Li, Myong Jong Yi, Yowhan Son, Pil Sun Park, Kyeong Hak Lee, Yeong Mo Son, Rae Hyun Kim, Mi Jeong Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the biomass and carbon pools of the main ecosystem components in an age sequence of five Korean pine plantation forest stands in central Korea. The C contents in the tree and ground vegetation biomass, coarse woody debris, forest floor, and mineral soil were estimated by analyzing the C concentration of each component. The aboveground and total tree biomass increased with increasing stand age. The highest C concentration across this chronosequence was found in the tree branch while the lowest C concentration was found in the ground vegetation. The observed C contents for tree components, ground vegetation, and coarse woody debris were generally lower than the predicted C contents estimated from a biomass C factor of 0.5. Forest floor C content was age-independent. Total mineral soil C content appeared to decline initially after establishing Korean pine plantations and recover by the stand age of 35 years. Although aboveground tree biomass C content showed considerable accumulation with increasing age, the relative contribution of below ground C to total ecosystem C content varied substantially. These results suggest that successional development as temporal factor has a key role in estimating the C storage in Korean pine plantation forests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Plant Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was carried out with the support of “Forest Science & Technology Projects (Project No. S1107L0101)” provided by Korea Forest Service.


  • Biomass
  • Carbon concentration
  • Carbon storage
  • Chronosequence
  • Korean pine plantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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