Extrasensory neuromorphic devices that can recognize, memorize, and learn stimuli imperceptible to human beings are of considerable interest in interactive intelligent electronics research. This study presents an artificially intelligent magnetoreceptive synapse inspired by the magnetocognitive ability used by birds for navigation and orientation. The proposed synaptic platform is based on arrays of ferroelectric field-effect transistors with air-suspended magneto-interactive top-gates. A suspended gate of an elastomeric composite with superparamagnetic particles laminated with an electrically conductive polymer is mechanically deformed under a magnetic field, facilitating control of the magnetic-field-dependent contact area of the suspended gate with an underlying ferroelectric layer. The remanent polarization of the ferroelectric layer is electrically programmed with the deformed suspended gate, resulting in analog conductance modulation as a function of the magnitude, number, and time interval of the input magnetic pulses. The proposed extrasensory magnetoreceptive synapse may be used as an artificially intelligent synaptic compass that facilitates barrier-adaptable navigation and mapping of a moving object.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2018M3D1A1058536). This study was also supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MEST; No. 2020R1A2B5B0300269711).
© 2021 American Chemical Society.
- artificially intelligent compass
- extrasensory synapse
- ferroelectric-gate field-effect transistor
- magnetoreceptive artificial synapse
- self-navigating compass
- suspended gate with superparamagnetic cluster
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- General Physics and Astronomy