Bit allocation and pairing methods for multi-user distributed antenna systems with limited feedback

Hoon Lee, Eunsung Park, Haewook Park, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study bit allocation and pairing methods based on distributed zero forcing beamforming for downlink multi-user distributed antenna (DA) systems with limited feedback. Before assigning the feedback bit for each DA port, we need to solve the pairing issue that determines the set of DA ports to support a user. To this end, we first analyze an upper bound of a mean rate loss between perfect channel state information systems and limited feedback systems. Since minimizing the obtained bound is a joint optimization problem with respect to the pairing and the bit allocation, it is difficult to identify a solution analytically. Instead, we propose a two-step algorithm that derives the pairing based on the bound of the rate loss and then obtain the non-iterative bit allocation method independently. To further improve the performance, an enhanced feedback bit allocation algorithm is also proposed by applying an iterative optimization technique. In addition, we investigate a scaling law of limited feedback systems to maintain a constant rate loss as signal-to-noise ratio increases. From simulation results, we confirm that the proposed algorithms offer about 135% performance gains over a conventional scheme for five DA port systems and verify that our analysis is well matched with the numerical results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6853325
Pages (from-to)2905-2915
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Distributed antenna systems
  • feedback bit allocation
  • limited feedback systems
  • user pairing techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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