Blockchain as a Cyber Defense: Opportunities, Applications, and Challenges

Suhyeon Lee, Seungjoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Targets of cyber crime are not exclusive to the private sector. Successful cyber attacks on nation-states have proved that cyber threats can jeopardize significant national interests. In response, nation-states have begun to handle cyber threats at the national defense level, which is titled ‘cyber defense.’ The cyber defense sector is related to national security, therefore requires robust security technology. Contrary to normal systems, blockchain provides strong security properties without a centralized control entity, and as such its application in the cyber defense field is under the spotlight. In this paper, we present opportunities blockchain provides for cyber defense, research and national projects, and limitations. We constructed a survey of government documents, interviews, related news, technical reports, and research papers from 2016 to 2021. As a result, our research contributes to reducing the gap in blockchain for cyber defense by systematically conducting research and analysis. In our research, we found that not only research but also government-led plans are actively promoting blockchain, which demonstrates that blockchain will play a remarkable role in cyber defense. This paper concludes with suggestions for future research in aspects of the blockchain technology, evaluation, and survey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2602-2618
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Bitcoin
  • Blockchains
  • Computer crime
  • Data structures
  • Licenses
  • Security
  • Smart contracts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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