“Brain-Coral-Like” Mesoporous Hollow CoS2@N-Doped Graphitic Carbon Nanoshells as Efficient Sulfur Reservoirs for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

Seung Deok Seo, Dongjoo Park, Sangbaek Park, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)


Hollow carbon materials are considered promising sulfur reservoirs for lithium–sulfur batteries owing to their internal void space and porous conductive shell, providing high loading and utilization of sulfur. Since the pores in carbon materials play a critical role in the infusion of sulfur, access of the electrolyte, and the passage of lithium polysulfides (LPSs), the creation and tuning of hierarchical pore structures is strongly required to improve the electrochemical properties of sulfur/porous carbon composites, but remains a major challenge. Herein, a “brain-coral-like” mesoporous hollow carbon nanostructure consisting of an in situ-grown N-doped graphitic carbon nanoshell (NGCNs) matrix and embedded CoS2 nanoparticles as an efficient sulfur host is presented. The rational synthetic design based on metal–organic framework chemistry furnishes unusual multiple porosity in a carbon scaffold with a macrohollow in the core and microhollows and mesopores in the shell, without the use of any surfactant or template. The CoS2@NGCNs/S composite electrode facilitates high sulfur loading (75 wt%), strong adsorption of LPSs, efficient reaction kinetics, and stable cycle performance (903 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C after 100 cycles), derived from the synergetic effects of the dual hollow features, chemically active CoS2, and the conductive and mesoporous N-doped carbon matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903712
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2019R1A2B5B02070203), by Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by Ministry of Science and ICT (2018M3D1A1058744), and by the Institutional Program (2E29620) of Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • CoS
  • graphitic carbon
  • lithium–sulfur batteries
  • mesoporous
  • nanoshell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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