Broadband mechanical metamaterial absorber enabled by fused filament fabrication 3D printing

Dahyun Daniel Lim, Jinwoo Park, Jaemin Lee, Dowon Noh, Jeongwoo Lee, Jaeho Choi, Wonjoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Rationally designed porous structures are promising as broadband electromagnetic (EM) wave absorbers for counteracting military radar signal or reducing EM interference between electronic components. However, their poor mechanical properties associated with low density limit the scalability. Here, we report a three-dimensional printed, broadband mechanical metamaterial absorber (BMMA) that implements a dual-function of EM wave absorption and reinforced relative stiffness. Based on tuning the lattice unit-cells and comprising materials, the proposed BMMAs feature a multilayered design comprising geometrically optimized octet-truss structures composed of carbon black-based backbone composites. Three-dimensionally printed BMMAs achieve > 90% absorbance (~98.66% on average) for frequencies spanning 5.8–18 GHz, while maintaining nearly constant stiffness per unit mass density of 1.37 at a low density (~200 kg/m3). This design strategy will inspire versatile metamaterials that offer multi-functions enabled by adjusting unit-cell parameters via a single structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102856
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by Agency for Defense Development of Korea (ADD) grant ( 912743201 ) and National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT) (Nos. 2019R1A2C2085583 , 2020R1A5A1018153 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • 3D printing
  • Broadband absorber
  • Low density material
  • Mechanical metamaterial
  • Octet-truss unit-cell structure
  • Radar-absorbing structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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