C-Methylflavonoids isolated from callistemon lanceolatus protect pc12 cells against a-induced toxicity

So Young Park, Ji Youn Lim, Wonsik Jeong, Seong Su Hong, Young Taek Yang, Bang Yeon Hwang, Dongho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Increased beta-amyloid (A) production and its aggregation to the oligomeric state is considered to be a major cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, reducing A-induced neurotoxicity could provide a suitable means of prevention or intervention in the disease course of AD. The neuroprotective effects of isolates from Callistemon lanceolatus DC. (Myrtaceae) against A were evaluated using PC12 cells. To evaluate the effects of A on apoptotic cell death and the effects of Bcl-2 family proteins and caspase-3, TUNEL assays and Western blotting were performed, respectively. Substantial fractionation and purification of the EtOAc-soluble extract of the aerial parts of C. lanceolatus afforded six flavonoids, 4,5-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethyl-7-methoxyflavanone (1), eucalyptin (2), 8-demethyleucalyptin (3), sideroxylin (4), syzalterin (5), and quercetin (6). Compounds 1, 5, and 6 were found to protect PC12 cells effectively against A-induced toxicity. In particular, compound 1 showed the most promising neuroprotective effect with an EDvalue of 6.7μ M in terms of decreasing A-induced apoptotic cell death, and this was accompanied by a decrease in caspase-3 activation and an increase in Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These results suggest that compound 1 could be developed as a candidate anti-AD agent due to its attenuation of A-induced apoptotic cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-868
Number of pages6
JournalPlanta Medica
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • 4,5dihydroxy6, 8dimethyl7methoxyflavanone
  • C methylflavonoids
  • Callistemon lanceolatus
  • Myrtaceae
  • PC12 cells
  • amyloid
  • apoptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry


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