Aims: C-peptide is a product of pro-insulin cleavage. Numerous studies have demonstrated that C-peptide, although not influencing blood glucose control, may play a role in preventing and potentially reversing some of the chronic complications of type 1 diabetes. The aim of this paper was to present a novel function of C-peptide, focusing on its role in nitric oxide (NO) generation. Main methods: Murine macrophage Raw264.7 cells and primary peritoneal macrophages were incubated under control conditions, or with C-peptide. Expression level of iNOS and phosphorylation status of JAK2/STAT1 were analyzed by Western blot. Fluorometric NO assay kit was used to assess the concentration of nitrite in culture medium. Intracellular calcium concentration was measured with calcium indicator dyes, such as Fura-2 and Fluo-3 AM. Key findings: C-peptide increased the level of nitrites in murine macrophage Raw264.7 cells. The nitrites production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was further enhanced by co-treatment of C-peptide. This up-regulation of nitrites generation also correlated with the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), a prominent marker of macrophage activation. In addition, C-peptide increased the intracellular concentration of calcium levels. Moreover, C-peptide-induced nitrites generation and increase in calcium was observed in freshly isolated primary peritoneal macrophages. In addition, C-peptide specifically affected the Janus activated kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activated transcription (STAT) pathway. Finally, C-peptide-mediated nitrites generation and JAK2/STAT1 phosphorylation were not detected in the presence of the intracellular calcium chelator, BAPTA-AM. Significance: These results suggest that C-peptide may elicit immune modulatory function via modulation of the calcium/JAK-STAT pathway.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation Grant KOSEF, R01-2008-000-11180-0 and also supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korea Government (MEST, No. 2009-0077467 ).
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)