Calibrating radar data in an orographic setting: A case study for the Typhoon Nakri in the Hallasan Mountain, Korea

Jung Mo Ku, Chulsang Yoo

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The Typhoon Nakri passed the Jeju Island in Korea (1-3 August 2014) and recorded one-day rainfall of 1182 mm atWitse-Oreum (a place name where a small volcanic cone is) of the Hallasan Mountain, Korea. This one-day rainfall amount was the highest rainfall that was ever recorded in Korea. As the altitude of Witse-Oreum is 1673 m, it was believed that the orographic effect enhanced the rainfall depth significantly. It was also argued that the maximum rainfall could be recorded in some other locations in the Hallasan Mountain. In this study, the rainfall event due to the Typhoon Nakri in the Jeju Island was analyzed using the radar and rain gauge data that were collected during this rainfall event. Fortunately, two radars are available on the eastern and western side of the Jeju Island. The entire Hallasan Mountain is covered by these two radars. A total of 23 rain gauges are also available in the Jeju Island. As a first step, independent ground-level Z-R relations were derived for every 250 m interval from the sea-level. Each Z-R relation was then applied to the corresponding-altitude radar reflectivity data to generate the rain rate field over the Jeju Island. Finally, the generated radar rain rate data were examined fully to evaluate the orographic effect in the Hallasan Mountain, also to locate the point where the maximum rain rate was recorded. This result shows that the maximum one-day rainfall amount could be up to 1500 mm, which was about 30% higher than the rain gauge measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number250
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 13

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: This research was supported by the ‘Basic Science Research Program’, through the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2016R1D1A1A09918155).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors.


  • Hallasan Mountain
  • Orographic effect
  • Radar
  • Typhoon Nakri
  • Z-R relation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)


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