Objective: In the Emergency Department, it would be worthwhile to treat pneumothorax patients on an outpatient basis by utilizing a small-calibre catheter and Heimlich valve insertion. We evaluated this treatment and compared it with the closed thoracostomy. Methods: In this comparative study, the success rate, complications and recurrence rate of treating spontaneous pneumothorax patients by using a small-calibre catheter and Heimlch valve were compared with those of a similar-sized group treated by closed thoracostomy. Results: Pneumothorax was successfully treated on an ambulatory basis by using the small-calibre catheter and Heimlch valve in 20 patients (47%); this was less than the 42 patients (89%) who were successfully treated by closed thoracostomy. While no complications were encountered in the group treated using the small-calibre catheter and Heimlich valve, 11 patients in the group treated by closed thoracostomy developed complications. The medical expenses for the treatment involving the small-calibre catheter and Heimlich valve were less than those for closed thoracostomy. Conclusion: Prior to the treatment, the patients should be fully informed of the success rate of this treatment and the possibility of requiring closed thoracostomy in the event of treatment failure.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Mar|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine