We fabricated ultrathin nanosheets of bimetallic chalcogenides (NiGa2S4) using a hydrothermal process, which significantly reduced the number of Li+ diffusion pathways and promoted rapid electron transport. Flexible carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were prepared by electrospinning and post-annealing. These CNFs were electroplated with nickel and decorated with gallium, which has a relatively high theoretical capacity and low volume-expansion rate during lithiation. The gallium concentration was optimized to obtain the thinnest and most uniform NiGa2S4 nanosheets. The optimal anode exhibited a reversible specific capacity of 1349 mAh·g−1 at a current density of 62.5 mA·g−1 in the first cycle. Furthermore, the NiGa2S4 anode was used to power a light-emitting-diode under severe bending conditions, demonstrating its superior mechanical durability.
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© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- bimetallic-chalcogenides (NiGaS) nanosheet
- carbon nanofiber
- lithium-ion batteries
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology