Carbonaceous resin capsule for vapor-phase monitoring of volatile hydrocarbons in soil: Partitioning and kinetic model verification

Jae E. Yang, Earl O. Skogley, Mahtab Ahmad, Sang Soo Lee, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The resin capsule system (RCS) was tested as a means of providing data on the presence and forms of volatile hydrocarbons. Results indicated that resin capsules provided data showing sensitivity to soil variables (texture and moisture content) and time. The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the RCS methodology and to determine whether carbonaceous resin capsules provide results that can be described by fundamental chemical partitioning and kinetic principles. Findings revealed a significant relationship between quantities of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene adsorbed on the capsule and quantities partitioned into the vapor phase. Kinetic evaluation indicated that the vapor adsorption by the resin capsule is regulated by diffusion processes. No verification of rate-limiting processes was possible due to limitations imposed by the experimental design, but it appears that during early stages, adsorption rate was limited by vapor diffusion through the soil. The resin capsule data also reflected differences that would be expected due to properties of the organic liquids present. These results provide further evidence that the RCS could be developed to suggest direct in situ monitoring to reveal quantities and nature of organic substances in soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-725
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental geochemistry and health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This research was funded from ‘‘Regional University Researchers Program (F00011-2008)’’ by Korea Research Foundation. The corresponding author (Yong Sik Ok) was supported from ‘‘The GAIA Project (No. 173-092-010)’’ by the Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea. Instrumental analysis was performed at the Korea Basic Science Institute, the Environmental Research Institute and the Central Laboratory of Kangwon National University, Korea.


  • BTEX
  • Diffusion
  • Kinetic model
  • Monitoring
  • Resin capsule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Environmental Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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