Cascade enzymatic reactions for efficient carbon sequestration

Shunxiang Xia, Xueyan Zhao, Benjamin Frigo-Vaz, Wenyun Zheng, Jungbae Kim, Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Thermochemical processes developed for carbon capture and storage (CCS) offer high carbon capture capacities, but are generally hampered by low energy efficiency. Reversible cascade enzyme reactions are examined in this work for energy-efficient carbon sequestration. By integrating the reactions of two key enzymes of RTCA cycle, isocitrate dehydrogenase and aconitase, we demonstrate that intensified carbon capture can be realized through such cascade enzymatic reactions. Experiments show that enhanced thermodynamic driving force for carbon conversion can be attained via pH control under ambient conditions, and that the cascade reactions have the potential to capture 0.5. mol carbon at pH 6 for each mole of substrate applied. Overall it manifests that the carbon capture capacity of biocatalytic reactions, in addition to be energy efficient, can also be ultimately intensified to approach those realized with chemical absorbents such as MEA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-372
Number of pages5
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank supports from the Biocatalysis Initiative grant from UMN, and the ‘International Collaborative R&D Program’ of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP, #20118510020020).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Aconitase
  • Biocatalysis
  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Isocitrate dehydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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