Metal halide perovskites promise bright and narrow-band light-emitting diodes (LEDs). To this end, reliable understanding on structure-property relations is necessary, yet singling out one effect from others is difficult because photophysical and electronic functions of perovskite LEDs are interwoven each other. To resolve this problem, we herein employ self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for interfacial engineering nanomaterials. Four different molecules that have the same anchor (thiol), different backbone (aryl vs alkyl) and different terminal group (amine vs pyridine vs methyl) are used to form SAMs at the interface with the thin film of a green-color perovskite, CH3NH3PbBr3. SAM-engineered perovskite films are characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), depth-profile X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), time-resolved laser spectroscopy, and UV-vis absorption and emission spectroscopies. This permits access to how the chemical structure of molecule comprising SAM is related to the various chemical and physical features such as quality and grain size, cross-sectional atomic composition (Pb(0) vs Pb(II)), charge carrier lifetime, and charge mobility of perovskite films, leading to inferences of structure-property relations in the perovskite. Finally, we demonstrate that the trends observed in the model system stem from the affinity of SAM over the undercoordinated Pb ions of perovskite, and these are translated into considerably enhanced EQE (from 2.20 to 5.74%) and narrow-band performances (from 21.3 to 15.9 nm), without a noticeable wavelength shift in perovskite LEDs. Our work suggests that SAM-based interfacial engineering holds a promise for deciphering mechanisms of perovskite LEDs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by LG Display under LGD-Korea University Incubation Program, National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2019R1A2C2011003; NRF-2019R1A6A1A11044070), and the Technology Innovation Program (20012390, 4D Molecular-Nano-Addressable Lithographic Self-Assembly (4D MONALISA)) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea). All the picosecond TRPL measurements were carried out using the Femtosecond Multi-Dimensional Laser Spectroscopic System (FMLS) at the Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI).
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- interface engineering
- light emitting diodes (LEDs)
- self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)