Catalyst effect on carbon nanotubes synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition

Cheol Jin Lee, Jeunghee Park, Jeong A. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Citations (Scopus)


The catalyst effect on the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was investigated. The respective growth rate of CNTs shows that the performance of catalysts is in the order of nickel (Ni) > cobalt (Co) > iron (Fe). The average diameter of CNTs follows the sequence of Fe, Co, and Ni catalysts. The structure of CNTs reveals almost same morphology regardless of catalyst but the crystallinity of CNTs is largely dependent on catalyst. The crystallinity of CNTs synthesized from Fe catalyst is higher than that from Ni or Co catalyst. The results indicate that the growth rate, the diameter, and the crystallinity can be manipulated by the selection of the catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-255
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jul 10
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Center for Nanotubes and Nanostructured Composites.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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