Catalytic pyrolysis of low-rank coal using Fe-carbon composite as a catalyst

Gihoon Kwon, Young Kwon Park, Yong Sik Ok, Eilhann E. Kwon, Hocheol Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, CO2-cofeeding pyrolysis of low-rank coal (LRC) was performed to quest the mechanistic effects of CO2 on the CO enhancement. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) test and lab-scale pyrolysis of LRC informed that CO2 and tar were reacted by the gas phase reaction. The gas phase reaction of CO2 and tar led to the different carbon distribution in liquid pyrolysate, and it was experimentally justified by mass balance of three pyrogenic products and the CO enhancement. To expedite the CO enhancement by CO2, the catalytic capability of LRC char was also investigated. For the fundamental study, inorganics in LRC was removed through the acid-washing process, which experimentally proved that the catalytic capability was imparted from inorganics in LRC. All findings in this study suggested that the exploitation of CO2 in pyrolysis of LRC offers the better opportunity in terms of the CO2 conversion into CO. Also, the CO enhancement can be further expedited catalytically. Such facts greatly offer a technical benefit that the exploitation of LRC in reference to high rank coal (HRC) can be an ideal carbon source because the CO2 susceptibility resulting in the CO2 enhancement by consuming tar is highly dependent on the volatile carbon content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111978
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2017R1D1A1A09000800 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • CCU
  • Carbon dioxide (CO)
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Lignite
  • Pyrolysis
  • Synthetic gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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