CD1a is a lipid-presenting molecule that is abundantly expressed on Langerhans cells. However, the in vivo role of CD1a has remained unclear, principally because CD1a is lacking in mice. Through the use of mice with transgenic expression of CD1a, we found that the plant-derived lipid urushiol triggered CD1a-dependent skin inflammation driven by CD4 + helper T cells that produced the cytokines IL-17 and IL-22 (T H 17 cells). Human subjects with poison-ivy dermatitis had a similar cytokine signature following CD1a-mediated recognition of urushiol. Among various urushiol congeners, we identified diunsaturated pentadecylcatechol (C15:2) as the dominant antigen for CD1a-restricted T cells. We determined the crystal structure of the CD1a-urushiol (C15:2) complex, demonstrating the molecular basis of urushiol interaction with the antigen-binding cleft of CD1a. In a mouse model and in patients with psoriasis, CD1a amplified inflammatory responses that were mediated by T H 17 cells that reacted to self lipid antigens. Treatment with blocking antibodies to CD1a alleviated skin inflammation. Thus, we propose CD1a as a potential therapeutic target in inflammatory skin diseases.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (2012R1A6A3A03040248 to J.H.K.), the AMOREPACIFIC Research Scholar Program (to J.H.K.), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (J.R. and A.W.P.), the Australian Research Council (J.R.) and the US National Institutes of Health (R01 AI083426 to F.W.).
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy