Cellulose-derived tin-oxide-nanoparticle-embedded carbon fibers as binder-free flexible Li-ion battery anodes

Seung Ik Oh, Jae Chan Kim, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Cellulose has attracted attention as a biomass carbon precursor owing to its abundant reserves and unique properties such as a hierarchical fibrous structure and good mechanical properties. Here, we fabricate cellulose-derived carbon fibers via a facile electrospinning and carbonization process by using cellulose acetate precursor. The prepared carbon fibers are directly used as binder-free flexible anodes for Li ion batteries. They exhibit a high initial reversible specific capacity of 555 mA h g −1 with better cycling stability than carbonized commercial cellulose electrodes. To design extensive lithium storage electrodes, cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO 2 composites are fabricated through electrospinning. In order to prevent the degradation of the active material, we encapsulate SnO 2 nanoparticles in cellulose-derived carbon fibers with a large amount of SnO 2 (46.4 wt%), which is evenly dispersed in the fibrous carbon matrix. Cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO 2 electrodes reveal a high reversible capacity of 667 mA h g −1 and stable cycling retention of 76% over 100 cycles at 200 mA g −1 , which signify much better cycling performance than commercial SnO 2 nanoparticles. These properties are reflected in the advantages of cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO 2 composite electrodes such as high reactivity, good mechanical properties, and high electrical conductivity that originate from the cellulose-based fibril nanostructure. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2557-2571
Number of pages15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 15


  • Carbon fiber
  • Cellulose
  • Electrospinning
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Tin oxide nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics


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