Cesium-ion selective electrodes based on calix[4]arene dibenzocrown ethers

Jong Seung Kim, Akira Ohki, Rina Ueki, Tomoko Ishizuka, Tomohiro Shimotashiro, Shigeru Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Four calix[4]arene dibenzocrown ether compounds have been prepared and evaluated as Cs+-selective ligands in solvent polymeric membrane electrodes. The ionophores include 25,27-bis(1-propyloxy)calix[4]arene dibenzocrown-6 1, 25,27-bis(1-alkyloxy)calix[4]arene dibenzocrown-7s 2 and 3, and 25,27-bis(1- propyloxy)calix[4]arene dibenzocrown-8 4. For an ion-selective electrode (ISE) based on 1, the linear response concentration range is 1 x 10-1 to 1 x 10-6 M of Cs+. Potentiometric selectivities of ISEs based on 1-4 for Cs+ over other alkali metal cations, alkaline earth metal cations, and NH4/+ have been assessed. For 1-ISE, a remarkably high Cs+/Na+ selectivity was observed, the selectivity coefficient (K(Cs,Na/Pot)) being ca. 10-5. As the size of crown ether ring is enlarged from crown-6 (1) to crown-7 (2 and 3) to crown-8 (4), the Cs+ selectivity over other alkali metal cations, such as Na+ and K+, is reduced successively. Effects of membrane composition and pH in the aqueous solution upon the electrode properties are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-710
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Calix[4]arene dibenzocrown ethers
  • Cesium-selective ionophore
  • Electrode
  • Poly(vinyl chloride) membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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