Changes in mortality hazard of the Korean long-term dialysis population: The dependencies of time and modality switch

Jong Cheol Jeong, Sejoong Kim, Ki Pyo Kim, Yongjin Yi, Shin Young Ahn, Dong Chan Jin, Ho Jun Chin, Dong Wan Chae, Ki Young Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Many studies have compared patient survival outcome between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD); however, time-varying risks of dialysis modality have been rarely investigated. This study aimed to investigate dialysis modality switch and its association with the survival outcome in the Korean population. Methods: Data from the Korean Society of Nephrology were used. A total of 21,840 incident dialysis patients who started dialysis in or after 2000 were analyzed. For the survival analysis, both proportional and non-proportional hazard assumptions were applied. For the modality switch, time-varying covariate Cox regression was applied. Results: During the median follow-up of 8 years, PD group showed increased adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.248 (95% CI 1.071–1.454, p = 0.004) for mortality. Interaction of PD status with female sex was significant with an HR of 1.080 (95% CI 1.000–1.165, p = 0.050). Dialysis modality switch was associated with increased HR of 1.094 (95% CI 1.015–1.180, p = 0.019), albeit switch from PD to HD did not show significant HR until 6 years. Interestingly, time-varying risk analysis showed a decreased HR of PD after 10 years in the non-switcher group, which was consistent in patients with high traditional risk factors (with diabetes, elderly). Conclusions: PD was associated with increased HR of mortality in the first 8 years, then it was associated with decreased HR of mortality after 10 years. Dialysis modality switch was associated with increased mortality risk, but switch from PD to HD within 6 years did not show significant hazard of mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-78
Number of pages10
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by a grant from the SNUBH Research Fund [Grant No. 02-2013-016].

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • Dialysis modality switch
  • end-stage renal disease
  • long-term hazard
  • peritoneal dialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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