Changes in Patellar Height After Opening Wedge and Closing Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Meta-analysis

Seong Il Bin, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Daniel Sungku Rim, Dae Hee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose To test that patellar height decreases (patellar baja) after opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and increases (patellar alta) after closing wedge HTO. In addition, this meta-analysis evaluated whether the method of measuring patellar height affected the change in patellar height after opening and closing HTO. Methods Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, all studies comparing pre- and postoperative patellar height using various indices, including the Insall-Salvati index (ISI), Blackburne-Peel index, and Caton Deschamps index, in patients who underwent opening or closing wedge HTO were included. The main outcome of this meta-analysis, mean change in patellar height from before to after surgery, was analyzed with a random effects model. Publication bias was evaluated using funnel plots and Egger's test. Results Twenty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled data, including subgroups of the 3 measurement methods, showed that patellar height decreased 7% after opening wedge HTO (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.05 to 0.10; P <.001), except when patellar height was assessed by ISI (95% CI: −0.02 to 0.06; P =.34), but that there was no change in patellar height after closing HTO (95% CI: −0.01 to 0.04; P =.29). Conclusions The patellar height decreased after opening wedge HTO, except when assessed by ISI. In contrast, patellar height was unchanged after closing wedge HTO, regardless of the measurement method. Level of Evidence Level II, meta-analysis of Level I and II studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2393-2400
Number of pages8
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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