Characteristics of rubber-sand particle mixtures according to size ratio

Changho Lee, Q. Hung Truong, Woojin Lee, Jong Sub Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, rubber-sand particle mixtures are investigated to understand their stress-deformation and elastic modulus characteristics. Specimens are prepared with various size ratios, sr (=Drubber/Dsand), between sand and rubber particles, and different volumetric sand fractions, sf (=Vsand/Vtotal). Small strain shear waves are measured under a Ko-loading condition incorporated with the stress-deformation test by using an oedometer cell with bender elements. The stress-deformation and small strain shear-wave characteristics of rigid-soft particle mixtures show the transition from a rigid particle behavior regime to a soft particle behavior regime under a fixed size ratio. A sudden rise of the Λ factor and the maximum value of the ζ exponent in Gmaxo'/kPa)ζ is observed at sf≈0.4-0.6 regardless of the size ratio (sr). The transition mixture shows a high sensitivity to the confining stress. The volume fraction for the minimum porosity may depend on the applied stress level in the rigid-soft particle mixtures because the soft rubber particles easily distort under load. In this experimental study, the size ratio and volumetric sand fraction are the important factors which determine the behavior of rigid and soft particle mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014004QMT
Pages (from-to)323-331
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr


  • Ko-loading
  • Mixtures
  • Shear-wave velocity
  • Size ratio
  • Stiffness
  • Volume fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials


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