Characteristics of the PEMFC repetitively brought to temperatures below 0°C

Eun Ae Cho, Jae Joon Ko, Heung Yong Ha, Seong Ahn Hong, Kwan Young Lee, Tae Won Lim, In Hwan Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

212 Citations (Scopus)


Freezing of water in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) may cause severe problems in driving a fuel cell vehicle during the winter time. Characteristics of PEMFC which suffered low temperatures below zero celsius were examined with thermal cycles during which the temperature of the environment chamber was cycled from 80 to -10°C. With the thermal cycles, the cell performance was degraded due to the phase transformation and volume changes of water. Effects of freezing of water in a PEMFC on the electrode structure and polarization resistance were examined by Brunauer, Emmett, Teller analysis, cyclic voltammetry, and ac impedance spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A1667-A1670
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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