The optimum weight ratio of each component in the compatibilized blends of nylon 66/poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether)/high-impact polystyrene with polystyrene-co-maleic anhydride and styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene block copolymer grafted with maleic anhydride was determined in terms of exhibiting balanced mechanical properties. The mechanical strength of the blends was deteriorated with increasing phosphinate-based flame retardant content while the tensile modulus increased. For UL94V test, the addition of ∼10 wt% phosphinate did not have a significant effect on the flame retardancy showing V2 grade while further addition gave rise to char formation resulting in V0 grade. Limiting oxygen index values increased greatly by ca. 34% at 5 wt% phosphinate, followed by mild increase by further addition. Heat release rate peaks of the blends were reduced and broadened with increasing phosphinate content showing little difference from 15 wt%. The complex viscosity increased with phosphinate content, but its increasing extent decreased at a high frequency. In the Cole-Cole plot, the presence of the phosphinate shifted the plot from unfilled blends without showing a single master curve depending on its loading level.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© SAGE Publications.
- Nylon 66
- flame retardancy
- mechanical properties
- poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering