Charge transport transition of PEDOT:PSS thin films for temperature-insensitive wearable strain sensors

Young Kyun Choi, Tae Hyuk Kim, Jeong Han Song, Byung Ku Jung, Woosik Kim, Jung Ho Bae, Hyung Jin Choi, Jeonghun Kwak, Jae Won Shim, Soong Ju Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a temperature-insensitive strain sensor that detects only the strain without responding to the temperature was designed. The transport mechanism and associated temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thin film were modified through secondary doping with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Upon DMSO-doping, the carrier transport mechanism of the PEDOT:PSS thin film transitioned from hopping to band-like transport, with a morphological change. At the DMSO doping level, which caused the critical point of the transport transition, the resistance of the thin film was maintained with a change in temperature. Consequently, the TCR of the optimized PEDOT:PSS thin film was less than 9 × 10−5 K−1, which is 102 times lower than that of the as-prepared films. The carrier mobility of the PEDOT:PSS thin film was effectively improved with the morphological change due to DMSO doping and was investigated through combinational analysis. Ultimately, the wearable strain sensor prepared using the optimized PEDOT:PSS thin film responded stably to the applied strain with a gauge factor of 2 and exhibited excellent temperature anti-interference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7980-7990
Number of pages11
JournalNanoscale
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) (R21XA01-21) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. 2022R1A2C2009523).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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