Chemical fluorescence-based dye staining for 3-dimensional histopathology analysis

Hyun Jung Kim, Jeongah Kim, Jungyoon Choi, Woong Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Tissue clearing for 3-dimensional (3D) imaging is increasingly utilized in many biomedical applications, including the pathological examination of human biopsy specimens. Although many protocols offer rapid and efficient tissue clearing (>1 d), immunofluorescence labeling of thick specimens is a highly time-consuming process. The use of low molecular weight chemical dyes has potential benefits in terms of speed and quality of 3D labeling. Accordingly, we tested several chemical dyes to assess their potential applications in 3D imaging. The combination of SYTO 16 and eosin (S&E) was found to be a potential fluorescent version of the hematoxylin–eosin (H&E) stain. Furthermore, picrosirius red (for collagen), Congo red (for senile plaques), and fluorescent Nissl (for neurons in the normal brain or blood vessels in the injured brain) stains can be used alone or in combination with antibody labeling. As chemical labeling requires a relatively short incubation time (<1 d), fluorescent chemical dyes could expedite the 3D imaging process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Cells and Systems
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2021R1A2C1010677 and NRF-2021M3E5D9021368).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Chemical dye
  • eosin
  • histopathology
  • tissue clearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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