Clarification of difference for transition between photoluminescence and cathode-luminescence based on GaMnN

J. W. Lee, Yoon Shon, N. G. Subramaniam, Y. H. Kwon, T. W. Kang, Hyunsik Im, H. S. Kim, C. S. Park, E. K. Kim, J. D. Song, H. C. Koo, D. J. Fu

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1 Citation (Scopus)


GaN:Mn epilayers were grown on Al2O3 substrate uisng molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and were subsequently implanted with Mn+ ions (1% and 10%). Photoluminescence (PL) with 1% of Mn showed that optical transitions related to Mn revealed the donor-Mn pair (D, Mn) at 2.5 eV and the electron-Mn pair (e, Mn) around 3.1 eV, and yellow luminescence (YL) around 2.20-2.25 eV. Photoluminescence (PL) with 10% of Mn showed the same but enhanced optical transitions as above. However, the new transitions around 1.65 eV for the sample with 10% which did not appeared with Mn of 1% were very weakly produced. The results of cathode-luminescence (CL) with 10% of Mn showed transitions related to Mn in PL together with new transitions around 1.72 eV. However, the new transitions around 1.72 eV for the sample with 10% according to high accelerating voltage were very remarkably activated in contrast with PL transitions which appeared were very weakly produced in samples with Mn of 10%. Transitions around 1.72 eV in CL correspond to though around 1.65 eV in PL. This result means that deep donor (probably, VN) is detected with increasing accelerating voltage and Mn-VN complex is formed. This is supported by strong electron beam sensitivity of the IR emission bands. It is well known that heavy Mn doping (>∼1019 C m-3) leads to a downshift of the Fermi level and promotes the formation of defect complexes of Mn-VN. In our case, Mn doping concentration is >∼1021 C m-3. Therefore, it is conjectured that the CL transition around 1.72 eV corresponds to Mn-VN complex.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13530
Pages (from-to)288-292
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) (Nos. NRF-2014R1A2A2A01007718 , NRF-2014-066298 , NRF-2014R1A2A1A11053936 , NRF-2013R1A1A2008875 , and NRF-2015R1A2A2A01004782 ) and by the Quntum-functional Research Center (QSRC) of Dongguk University and supported from the KIST Institutional Programme , including the Dream Project, the Converging Research Center Programme through the MEST ( 2012K001280 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.


  • Cathode-luminescence (CL)
  • GaMnN
  • Photoluminescence (PL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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