Clinical Factors Associated With Balance Function in the Early Subacute Phase After Stroke

Eun Young Lee, Yoonhye Na, Minjae Cho, Yu Mi Hwang, Jun Soo Noh, Hee Kyu Kwon, Sung Bom Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the key factors of balance function in the early subacute phase after stroke. Design Ninety-four stroke patients were included. Multiple variables were evaluated, including demographic factors, clinical variables (stroke type; lesion site; Mini-Mental State Examination; motor strength of the hip, knee, and ankle joints; Fugl-Meyer Assessment of lower extremity), neurophysiological variables (amplitude ratio of somatosensory evoked potential of the tibial nerves), and laterality index of fractional anisotropy of the corticospinal tract using diffusion tensor imaging. Balance function was measured using the Berg Balance Scale. Results The Berg Balance Scale score was significantly negatively correlated with age and laterality index of fractional anisotropy and positively correlated with Mini-Mental State Examination; Fugl-Meyer Assessment of lower extremity; motor strength of the affected hip, knee, and ankle joint; and somatosensory evoked potential amplitude ratio (P < 0.05). The abnormal somatosensory evoked potential group and poor integrity of the corticospinal tract group showed significantly decreased Berg Balance Scale scores. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, age, Fugl-Meyer Assessment of lower extremity score, and ankle plantar flexion strength were significantly associated with balance function (odds ratios = 0.919, 1.181, and 15.244, respectively, P < 0.05). Conclusions Higher age, severe initial motor impairment, and strength of the affected lower limb muscles, especially the ankle plantar flexor, are strongly associated with poor balance function early after stroke. To Claim CME Credits Complete the self-assessment activity and evaluation online at CME Objectives Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to: (1) Enhance ability to evaluate motor and balance function of stroke patients by learning common assessment tools including clinical tests, neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies; (2) Explain the important factors associated with balance function impairment in early subacute stroke patients; and (3) Enhance planning rehabilitation strategies for improvement of balance function according to recovery stage after stroke. Level Advanced Accreditation The Association of Academic Physiatrists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The Association of Academic Physiatrists designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean government (No. 2019R1A2C2003020) and a Korea University Grant.

Publisher Copyright:
© Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Muscle Strength
  • Postural Balances
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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