Clinical Impact of CYP2C19 Genotype on Clopidogrel-Based Antiplatelet Therapy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

PTRG-DES Registry Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although there is a growing body of evidence that CYP2C19 genotyping can be beneficial when considering treatment with clopidogrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether a genotype-guided strategy can be generally adopted in routine practice remains unclear among East Asians. Objectives: This study sought to investigate long-term outcomes of patients undergoing clopidogrel-based antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation according to CYP2C19 genotypes. Methods: From the nationwide multicenter PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in DES-treated patients) consortium, patients who underwent CYP2C19 genotyping were selected and classified according to CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele: rapid metabolizers (RMs) or normal metabolizers (NMs) vs intermediate metabolizers (IMs) or poor metabolizers (PMs). The primary outcome was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis at 5 years after the index procedure. Results: Of 8,163 patients with CYP2C19 genotyping, 56.7% presented with acute coronary syndrome. There were 3,098 (37.9%) in the RM or NM group, 3,906 (47.9%) in the IM group, and 1,159 (14.2%) in the PM group. IMs or PMs were associated with an increased risk of 5-year primary outcome compared with RMs or NMs (HRadj: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.01-1.98; P = 0.041), and the effect was more pronounced in the first year (HRadj: 1.67; 95% CI: 1.10-2.55; P = 0.016). The prognostic implication of being an IM and PM was significant in acute coronary syndrome patients (HRadj: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.20-2.93; P = 0.005) but not in those with stable angina (HRadj: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.54-1.55; P = 0.751) (interaction P = 0.028). Conclusions: Among East Asians with clopidogrel-based antiplatelet therapy after DES implantation, CYP2C19 genotyping could stratify patients who were likely to have an increased risk of atherothrombotic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-843
Number of pages15
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 10
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American College of Cardiology Foundation

Keywords

  • CYP2C19 genotype
  • clopidogrel
  • drug-eluting stent(s)
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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