Coach design for the Korean high-speed train: A systematic approach to passenger seat design and layout

E. S. Jung, S. H. Han, M. Jung, J. Choe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Proper ergonomic design of a passenger seat and coach layout for a high-speed train is an essential component that is directly related to passenger comfort. In this research, a systematic approach to the design of passenger seats was described and the coach layout which reflected the tradeoff between transportation capacity and passenger comfort was investigated for the Korean high-speed train. As a result, design recommendations and specifications of the passenger seat and its layout were suggested. The whole design process is composed of four stages. A survey and analysis of design requirement was first conducted, which formed the base for designing the first and second class passenger seats. Prototypes were made and evaluated iteratively, and seat arrangement and coach layout were finally obtained. The systematic approach and recommendations suggested in this study are expected to be applicable to the seat design for public transportations and to help modify and redesign existing vehicular seats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-519
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 4
Externally publishedYes


  • Coach design
  • High-speed train
  • Korean anthropometry
  • Seat design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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