Coded aperture imager with depth of interaction scintillators

Taewoong Lee, Hyounggun Lee, Wonho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a coded-aperture imager with a depth of interaction (DOI) detector was designed and its performance was evaluated using a Monte Carlo simulation. The DOI coded-aperture imager consisted of a modified uniformly redundant array (MURA) and four layers of a 16 × 16 matrix of 2 mm cubic scintillators. To improve its performance, the reconstructed images from each layer were combined using a hybrid maximum likelihood expectation maximization (h-MLEM) technique. The DOI coded-aperture imager demonstrated higher signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) in the reconstructed images, when compared with conventional coded-aperture imagers with 2D pixelated scintillators. In addition, various types of scintillators were tested and compared with respect to their RV curves, detection efficiencies, and SNRs. Among the tested scintillators, gadolinium aluminum gallium garnet (GAGG) demonstrated the highest performance above 356 keV. However, for low-energy radiation (< 200 keV), the performance of all the scintillators were similar. Because the timing resolution is shorter than those of other scintillators, LaBr3 could show a relatively high performance for measurement in high background conditions.

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Nuclear Safety Research Program through the Korea Foundation of Nuclear Safety [grant number 1603015] .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • DOI coded aperture imager
  • Hybrid update maximum likelihood expectation maximization (h-MLEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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