We have recently reported on how transplantation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into the mouse parenchyma generated immune responses. To facilitate the clinical translation of MSC-based AD therapy, the safety and efficacy of human derived MSCs (hMSCs) must be confirmed in the pre-clinical stage. Thus, it is imperative to investigate measures to reduce immune responses exerted via xenotransplantation. In this study, immunosuppressants were co-administered to mice that had received injections of hMSCs into the parenchyma. Prior to performing experiments using transgenic AD mice (5xFAD), varying immunosuppressant regimens were tested in wild-type (WT) mice and the combination of dexamethasone and tofacitinib (DexaTofa) revealed to be effective in enhancing the persistence of hMSCs. According to transcriptome sequencing and immunohistochemical analyses, administration of DexaTofa reduced immune responses generated via transplantation of hMSCs in the parenchyma of 5xFAD mice. Significant mitigation of amyloid burden, however, was not noted following transplantation of hMSCs alone or hMSCs with DexaTofa. The efficacy of the immunosuppressant regimen should be tested in multiple AD mouse models to promote its successful application and use in AD stem cell therapy.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Aug|
- Alzheimer’s disease
- immune response
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)