We determined the combined effectiveness of ClO2 (200 and 500 μg/ml, 5 min), air drying [25 °C, 40% relative humidity (RH), 2 h], and mild dry heat (55 °C, 23% RH, up to 48 h) treatments in killing total aerobic bacteria (TAB), Escherichia coli O157:H7, and molds and yeasts (MY) on radish seeds. A 5.1-log reduction in the number of TAB was achieved on radish seeds treated with 200 or 500 μg/ml ClO2 followed by air drying for 2 h and dry heat treatment for 48 h or 24 h, respectively. When radish seeds were treated with 200 and 500 μg/ml ClO2, air dried, and heat treated for 12 h and 6 h, respectively, the initial population of E. coli O157:H7 (5.6 log CFU/g) on seeds was reduced to an undetectable level (<0.8 log CFU/g). However, the pathogen was detected in 5-day-old sprouts. The reduction of MY (1.2-1.0 log CFU/g) on radish seeds under similar experimental conditions was not changed significantly during subsequent heat treatment up to 48 h. Results show that treating radish seeds with 500 μg/ml ClO2, followed by air dried at 25 °C for 2 h and heat treatment at 55 °C for 36 h achieved a >5-log CFU/g reduction of TAB and E. coli O157:H7. These observations will be useful when developing effective strategies and practices to enhance the microbiological safety of radish sprouts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was carried out with the support of the “Cooperative Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ007387)” Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.
- Chlorine dioxide
- Dryheat treatment
- Escherichia coli O157:H7
- Radish seed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science