Comparison of cellular responses to ionizing radiation in keratinocytes isolated from healthy donors and type II diabetes patients

Hae Jin Lee, Hyuntaik Im, Hae June Lee, Hyunggee Kim, Jae Youn Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Due to the expanding repertoire of treatment devices that use radiation, the possibility of exposure to both low-dose and high-dose radiation continues to increase. Skin is the outermost part of the body and thus directly exposed to radiation-induced damage. In particular, the skin of diabetes patients is fragile and easily damaged by external stimuli, such as radiation. However, damage and cellular responses induced by ionizing irradiation in diabetic skin have not been explored in detail. In this study, we investigated the effects of several irradiation dose on normal keratinocytes and those from type II diabetes patients, with particular focus on DNA damage. Materials and methods: Cellular responses to low-dose radiation (0.1 Gy) and high-dose radiation (0.5 and 2 Gy) were evaluated. Cell cycle analysis was conducted via flow cytometry and cell viability analyzed using the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Proteins related to the DNA damage response (DDR) and repair signaling pathways and apoptosis were detected via immunoblot analysis. Apoptosis and cell differentiation were additionally examined in 3D skin organoids using immunohistochemistry. Results: Compared to respective control groups, no significant changes were observed in cell cycle, DDR and repair mechanisms, cell survival, and differentiation in response to 0.1 Gy irradiation in both normal and diabetes type II keratinocytes. On the other hand, the cell cycle showed an increase in the G2/M phase in both cell types following exposure to 2 Gy irradiation. At radiation doses 2 Gy, activation of the DDR and repair signaling pathways, apoptosis, and cell differentiation were increased and viability was decreased in both cell types. Notably, these differences were more pronounced in normal than diabetes type II keratinocytes. Conclusions: Normal keratinocytes respond more strongly to radiation-induced damage and recovery than diabetes type II keratinocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-235
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences.


  • 3D skin organoids
  • DNA damage and repair
  • Keratinocyte
  • cell cycle
  • ionizing radiation
  • skin differentiation
  • type II diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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