Comparison of T1rho and T2 mapping of knee articular cartilage in an asymptomatic population

Min A. Yoon, Suk Joo Hong, A. Lan Im, Chang Ho Kang, Baek Hyun Kim, In Seong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To analyze subregional differences in T1rho (T1ρ) and T2 values and their correlation in asymptomatic knee cartilage, and to evaluate angular dependence with magic angles. Materials and Methods: Six asymptomatic volunteers underwent knee MRI with T1ρ and T2 mapping. T1ρ and T2 values were measured by two radiologists independently, at nine subregions in the medial femoral condyle (MFC) cartilage, at angles of ± 0°, 15°, 35°, 55°, 75° respective to a vertical line (B0) bisecting the width of the distal femur, and at two locations in the patella. Subregional values of T1ρ and T2 were analyzed and significant differences in three divided portions of the MFC (anterior, central, and posterior) were statistically evaluated. Correlation between T1ρ and T2 and angular dependence with magic angles were also assessed for statistical significance. Results: T1ρ values were lowest at +15° and highest at -55°. T2 values were lowest at +75° and highest at +35°. Both T1ρ and T2 were higher in superior patella than inferior patella. T1ρ showed significant differences in the three divided portions of the MFC, while T2 showed significant differences only between central and posterior portions. There was a weak correlation between T1ρ and T2 (r = 0.217, p = 0.127). T1ρ showed more angular dependence than T2. Conclusion: T1ρ and T2 showed different subregional values and angular dependence in asymptomatic knee cartilage with a weak correlation. Awareness of these differences will aid in assessment of cartilage in a specific subregion of the knee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-918
Number of pages7
JournalKorean journal of radiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Cartilage
  • Knee
  • MRI
  • Magic angle
  • T1rho
  • T2 mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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