Compiler analysis for cache coherence: interprocedural array data-flow analysis and its impact on cache performance

Lynn Choi, Pen Chung Yew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present compiler algorithms for detecting references to stale data in shared-memory multiprocessors. The algorithm consists of two key analysis techniques, stale reference detection and locality preserving analysis. While the stale reference detection finds the memory reference patterns that may violate cache coherence, the locality preserving analysis minimizes the number of such stale references by analyzing both temporal and spatial reuses. By computing the regions referenced by arrays inside loops, we extend the previous scalar algorithms for more precise analysis. We develop a full interprocedural array data-flow algorithm, which performs both bottom-up side-effect analysis and top-down context analysis on the procedure call graph to further exploit locality across procedure boundaries. The interprocedural algorithm eliminates cache invalidations at procedure boundaries, which were assumed in the previous compiler algorithms. We have fully implemented the algorithm in the Polaris parallelizing compiler. Using execution-driven simulations on Perfect Club benchmarks, we demonstrate how unnecessary cache misses can be eliminated by the automatic stale reference detection. The algorithm can be used to implemented cache coherence in the shared-memory multiprocessors that do not have hardware directories, such as Cray T3D.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-896
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Sept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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