Complementary absorbing ternary blend containing structural isomeric donor polymers for improving the performance of PC61BM-based indoor photovoltaics

Hong Diem Chau, Na Yeon Kwon, Su Hong Park, Jinhyo Hwang, Meenal Kataria, Amit Kumar Harit, Han Young Woo, Min Ju Cho, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, two structural isomeric polymers, TTE36 and TTE25, were synthesized and their photophysical properties and photovoltaic device performance were investigated. Because of the different linking positions of carboxylate in their thienothiophene unit, these polymers can be classified as two isomers and exhibit significantly different properties. A mixture of these two polymers was effectively applied as the donor for a highly reliable active layer in organic indoor photovoltaics (IPVs) because of its good miscibility, and especially, of its broad complementary absorption which overlapped the emission spectrum of the white light-emitting diode lamp. The ternary IPV system, achieved by mixing the wide-bandgap TTE25 polymer with the medium-bandgap TTE36 polymer, followed by blending with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM), exhibited significantly enhanced open circuit voltage and short circuit current density, thus improving the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the IPV system. Compared to the TTE36:PC61BM-binary-blend-based IPV system, the TTE36:TTE25:PC61BM (0.8:0.2:1.0 wt ratio)-ternary-blend-based IPV system exhibited an increase in PCE from 6.81% to 11.15% under 1000 lux white LED light illumination. These results indicate that the addition of TTE25 to the TTE36:PC61BM binary blend improves the morphology and light-harvesting properties of the active layer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123606
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 14

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2019R1A2C2002647, and 2019R1A6A1A11044070). We are grateful to the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (Pohang, Korea) for allowing to conduct the grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements (GIWAXD), the Institute for Basic Science (IBS, Korea) for allowing us to obtain nuclear magnetic resonance data (NMR; Ascend 500, Bruker) and Korea Basic Science Institute (Seoul) for allowing us to obtain the TEM data. The Korea Basic Science Institute (Seoul) is acknowledged for the MALDI-TOF MS data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Complementary absorption
  • Donor semiconducting polymer
  • Indoor photovoltaics
  • Structural isomeric polymer
  • Ternary blend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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